Proteomic Analysis of Caco-2 Cells Disrupted by EcN 1917-Derived OMVs Reveals Molecular Information on Bacteria-Mediated Cancer Cell Migration


作者Ling Zhao, Mingxin Zhao, Xiankun Wang, and Chenxi Jia
来自Journal of Proteome Research
Escherichia coli Nissle 1917 (EcN 1917) exhibits distinct tumor-targeting activity, and early studies demonstrated that outer membrane vesicles (OMVs) mediate bacteria–host interactions. To decipher the molecular mechanism underlying the interaction between EcN 1917 and host cells via OMV-mediated communication, we investigated the phenotypic changes in Caco-2 cells perturbed by EcN 1917-derived OMVs and constructed proteomic maps of the EcN 1917-derived OMV components and OMV-perturbed host cells. Our findings revealed that the size of the EcN 1917-derived OMV proteome increased 4-fold. Treatment with EcN 1917-derived OMVs altered the proteomic and phosphoproteomic profiles of host cells. Importantly, for the first time, we found that treatment with EcN 1917-derived OMVs inhibited cancer cell migration by suppressing the expression of ANXA9. In addition, phosphoproteomic data suggested that the ErbB pathway may be involved in OMV-mediated cell migration. Taken together, our study provides valuable data for further investigations of OMV-mediated bacteria–host interactions and offers great insights into the underlying mechanism of probiotic-assisted colorectal cancer therapy.
KEYWORDS: host−bacteria interaction; Escherichia coli Nissle 1917; outer membrane vesicle; cancer cell migration; ANXA9